Heart disease, Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA), Chest pain, Mitral stenosis, Bradycardia, Tachycardia, Arrhythmia, Mitral regurgitation, Myocardial infarction, Atrial fibrillation, Ventricular fibrillation.

Premature ventricular contractions (PVC)

If you feel palpitations, a fast heartbeat, or a strange feeling in your chest, contact your doctor to identify the source of these symptoms.

Atrial flutter (complete arrhythmia)

Atrial fibrillation episodes can come and go, or they can be chronic. Although atrial fibrillation itself is not usually life-threatening, it is a serious medical problem that sometimes requires emergency treatment.

Ventricular fibrillation

Ventricular fibrillation is an emergency requiring direct medical attention. A person with ventricular fibrillation will lose consciousness within seconds and will quickly stop breathing or lose a pulse.

Takayasu's Arteritis

In Takayasu's arteritis, inflammation damages the aorta, the large artery that carries blood from the heart to the rest of the body, and the main branches of the aorta.

Tetralogy of Fallot

With early detection and appropriate treatment, most children with tetralogy of Fallot live relatively normal lives, despite frequent medical care and possible physical limitations.

Arterial trunk (truncus arteriosus)

If left untreated, the common artery is often fatal within the first year of life. Surgery to repair the heart and blood vessels is generally successful, especially if the repair occurs before the baby is 2 months old.

Atrioventricular canal (AVC)

A defect in the atrioventricular canal allows extra blood to flow to the lungs. The next problem overworks the heart and causes dilation.

Wegener's granulomatosis (Granulomatosis with polyangiitis)

Early diagnosis and treatment of Wegener's granulomatosis can result in a complete recovery. Without treatment, Wegener's granulomatosis is potentially fatal, most commonly from kidney failure.

Ventricular septal defect (VSD)

Children and adults with large ventricular septal defect (VSD) or significant symptoms often require surgery to close the defect.

Vasovagal syncope

Vasovagal syncope is the most common cause of syncope. Syncope occurs when the body overreacts, such as to the sight of blood or emotional distress.


Vasculitis is an inflammation of the blood vessels. Vasculitis causes changes in the walls of blood vessels, including thickening, weakening, narrowing, and scarring.

Wolff Parkinson White Syndrome (WPW)

Wolff-Parkinson-White (WPW) syndrome, is the presence of an abnormal accessory electrical pathway in the heart that leads to the timing of a very fast heartbeat (tachycardia).

Heart cancer

Although still rare, most cancers found in the heart, having come from elsewhere in the body, are composed of white blood cells. Most heart tumors are not cancerous (benign)

Secondary hypertension

Secondary hypertension can be caused by a problem that affects the kidneys, arteries, heart, or endocrine system. This can also occur during pregnancy.

Rheumatic fever

Rheumatic fever is an inflammatory disease that can develop as a complication of untreated or poorly treated pharyngitis which is caused by group A strep bacteria.

Raynaud's disease

In Raynaud's disease, the small arteries that supply blood to the skin narrow, restricting blood flow to the affected areas.

Pulmonary valve stenosis

Pulmonary stenosis is a condition in which the flow of blood from the heart to the lungs is slowed by a deformed pulmonary valve.

Treatment of congenital heart diseases by Doppler ultrasound

Treatment guidelines for congenital heart disease with cyanosis, congenital heart disease without cyanosis, congenital heart disease in adults.

Heart diseases treatment by Doppler ultrasound

In patients with no symptoms, the treatment includes prevention and monitoring when heart failure, not having surgical conditions, using low-dose digoxin and diuretic.

Pulmonary hypertension

Pulmonary hypertension is a type of high blood pressure that only affects the arteries in the lungs and the right side of the heart. 


Slightly high blood pressure is called prehypertension. Both prehypertension and hypertension increase the risk of heart attack, stroke, and heart failure.


Pericarditis is usually sudden and acute. When symptoms gradually develop or persist, the condition is considered chronic. Mild cases may improve on their own.

Patent Ductus Arteriosus (PDA)

Without treatment, the ductus arteriosus can cause much blood to flow through the heart, weakening the heart muscles, causing heart failure, other complications.

Pulmonary embolism

Pulmonary embolism can occur in healthy people. Signs and symptoms often include sudden, unexplained shortness of breath, chest pain, cough of bloody sputum.

Patent foramen ovale (PFO)

Most people with an unclosed oval hole never know they have it. The foramen ovale is often discovered during examination for other problems.