Lower limb muscle surgery

2021-02-08 12:00 AM

The thigh is limited above by the groin fold at the front and the rump behind, Below by a horizontal line above the kneecap, 3 fingers.

Gluteus muscles

The buttock area is an area with many important blood vessels and nerves passing from the hip pelvis to the lower extremities. The gluteus muscles are composed of two groups with different functions.

The pelvic muscle type includes muscles: thigh muscle tension, large glutes, missus muscle, baby buttocks and pear-shaped muscles. These are the muscles that stretch and rotate the thighs.

The pubic molluscum type consists of the muscles: the inner synapse, the twin muscles, the thigh square muscle, and the outer limb muscle. These muscles are mainly motivated by the outer thigh rotation.

Muscular thighs

The thigh is limited above by the groin fold at the front and the posterior rump. Below by a horizontal line above the kneecap background 3 finger slices. The thigh muscles are divided into two regions.

The anterior thigh muscle: includes two muscle zones

The anterior muscle area is the thigh flexion and stretching zone, consisting of the quadriceps, pelvic lumbar muscle and the pelvic lumbar muscle, mainly driven by the thigh nerve.

The movements: legs stretch, thigh straight muscles also help fold thighs

The inner muscle area is the thigh closed area, consisting of the tapered muscle and the 3 closed muscles: the long, short and large closed muscle are responsible for closing the thigh due to the motor governing nerve.

Figure. Gluteus muscles

1 and 6. Big buttocks 2. Pear-shaped muscles 3. Miss buttocks 4. Baby's buttocks 5. Inner muscles and twins 7. Square thigh muscle

The muscles of the hind thighs

Consisting of three calf seated muscles are the semi axial, semi-tendon and biceps muscles that are responsible for stretching the thighs and folding the legs. The nerve that governs the muscles of the posterior thigh are the branches of the seated nerve


It is a 4-sided filling pit located behind the knee joint containing the vascular bundle and nerve of the stilum region.

Four edges are

On the inside are the semi-tendon and semi axe muscle

On the outside is the thigh muscle oil.

The two lower edges are the ends of the abdominal muscles.

In the fovea, there are tibial nerves, the artery, the venous veins, some blood vessels, other nerves and the superficial lymph nodes of the region, in which there are two superficial nerves, which are the dermal nerve. The inner leg separates from the tibial nerve and the outer calf nerve separates from the common fibular nerve; Special superficial veins with baby veins going from the pubic arch of the pubic leg up to the hamstring then go deep to pour into the crooked vein, the vein shows the baby as a vein or varicose veins.

Figure. The muscles of the thighs

  1. Pelvic lumbar muscle 2. Chance 3. Quadrilateral muscle 4. Long reclining muscle 5. Muscles 6. Short closet 7. Large lumbar muscle 8. Semi-tendon muscle 9. Semi-diaphragmatic 10. Thigh muscle

 Leg muscles

The shins are limited above by the lower tibial plateau, below by the ring around the ankles. The calf muscles are divided into two areas:

The muscles of the foreleg

Due to the common ligament that governs movement, it is responsible for stretching the toes, rotating outside the feet and folding the instep. These muscles are divided into two zones:

The anterior muscle zone: driven by the deep fibrous nerve. The muscles are the anterior tibial muscle, the big toe extender, the long toe extensor, and the triceps.

The external muscle: consists of two muscles: the long fibrous muscle, the short fibrous muscle is controlled by the superficial marginal nerve.

The muscles of the hind legs

Because the tibial nerve dominates the movement, the main task is to fold the toe, fold the soles of the feet and rotate in the foot. The muscles are divided into 2 layers by the deep calf lining.

Shallow layer: muscle triceps and calves.

Deep layer: musculature, elongated thumb, posterior tibial muscle and long toe flexor.

Foot muscles

The feet start from below the ankles to the tip of the toes. Includes soles of the feet and instep. It contains the muscles of the instep and soles of the feet.

Figure. Leg muscles

  1. Anterior tibial plateau 2. Extensor to long fingers 3. Elongated big toe 4. Triceps 5. Larder muscle 6. Marx