First aid for facial injury

2021-02-02 12:00 AM

If the tongue tends to fall back, have the patient lie on its side on one side, pull out the tongue with tongs or pull the thread through the tip of the tongue.

First aid is given in the order of priority as follows:

  • Clear the airways.
  • Stop bleeding.
  • Treatment of shock.
  • Check for coordinated wounds.
  • Diagnosis of facial jaw wound.
  • Clear the airways

Check if the patient is breathing easily. Survival signs.

Take out any respiratory objects, if any, such as dentures, blood clots, vomit, broken bones.

Smoking sputum, blood; Have the patient sit up, or lie on their side (if the patient has spinal damage).

Place the trachea bag through the mouth or nose (the trachea does not last more than 48 hours).

If the tongue tends to fall back, have the patient lie on its side on one side, pull out the tongue with tongs or pull the thread through the tip of the tongue.

If none of the above measures is effective, tracheostomy is indicated.

Stop bleeding

Insert the nose wicks first.

Tuck back wicks.

Fix the fracture.

Chin headband.

Sew the wound in the mouth or skin.

Constriction of the arteries.

Hemostasis

Premarin 20mg IV - 7.5 mg oral tablet.

Adrenosem salicilate : Adrenoxyl 5mg I.M. - 2,5mg (drink)

Thrombin tube contains 5000dvi thrombin; 2.5 ml of isotonic salt solution.

Gelfoam (Sponge): Allow to dry, place the wound or dilute with thrombin, or dilute with 5,000-10,000v / ml Penicillin solution to the bleeding area or insert into the bone cavity.

Oxidized cellulose (Oxycel Surgical).

Blood transfusion.