Coxsackievirus and Echovirus

2021-08-16 06:29 PM

The Echovirus species belongs to the family Picornaviridae, with 33 Types. They are also found in the gastrointestinal tract, causing cytopathological effects in cell cultures

Coxsackievirus

The species Coxsackievirus belongs to the family Picornaviridae, consisting of 29 subtypes. They differ from other enteroviruses in their ability to cause disease in mice, where other enteroviruses are rare or absent. They are divided into 2 groups: group A and group B have different pathogenicity in mice. Like Poliovirus, they infect the human intestine and were first isolated in the feces of two children in Coxsackie, New York. They cause many different diseases: Coxsackie A causes aphthous pharyngitis, skin rash, hemorrhagic conjunctivitis, aseptic meningitis..., Coxsackie B causes myocarditis in neonates, urinary tract infections upper respiratory tract, pericarditis, endocarditis...

Echovirus

Echovirus (enteric cytopathogenic human orphan virus) belongs to the family Picornaviridae with 33 subtypes. They were also found in the gastrointestinal tract, causing cytopathological effects in cell cultures but no pathological lesions in mice. They are associated with one or more disease syndromes ranging from mild respiratory illness to brain damage. They cause aseptic meningitis, acute upper respiratory tract infection, encephalitis, enteritis, myocarditis, typhus...