B and T Lymphoblastic Lymphoma/Leukemia

2021-02-22 12:00 AM

Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL), Lymphoblastic Lymphoma.


Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL)

Karyotypic abnormalities: Most pre-B-cell tumours are hyperdiploid. Translocations are common in both B-ALL and T-ALL.

Immunophenotyping. Most tumours are positive for terminal deoxytransferase (TdT).

  •  B-cell lineage classification is based on the presence or absence of cytoplasmic or surface markers, including surface immunoglobulin (sIg) presence (mature B-ALL) and cytoplasmic μ presence (pre-BALL). The B-cell tumours almost always express B-cell molecules CD19 and CD10.
  •  T-cell lineage: The majority of T-ALLs stain with CD2, CD3, CD5, andCD7.

B-ALL is more common in children; symptoms include fever, anaemia, and bleeding

T-ALL often presents as a mediastinal mass in an adolescent male

Lymphoblastic Lymphoma

Most cases of lymphoblastic lymphoma are T-cell neoplasms that are aggressive and rapidly progressive. Most patients are young males with a mediastinal mass (think thymus). The leukemic phase of lymphoblastic lymphoma is similar to T-ALL and some consider them the same entity. Most cells are CD1+, CD2+, CD5+, and CD7+.