Outline of kidney and urinary physiology
Endocrine function: the kidneys secrete hormones to participate in blood pressure regulation, stimulate red blood cell production and contribute to calcium metabolism.
The kidneys have two important functions: urine production and endocrine function.
Urine production is the main function of the kidneys. Through the process of making urine, the kidneys perform very important functions to maintain homeostasis:
Regulate water and electrolyte balance.
Regulate acid-base balance.
Regulates osmotic pressure and extracellular fluid volume.
Elimination of metabolic products and foreign chemicals from the body.
Endocrine function: the kidneys secrete hormones to regulate blood pressure, stimulate red blood cell production, and contribute to the metabolism of Calcium and Phosphorus in the body.