Outline of kidney and urinary physiology

2021-06-13 10:32 PM

Endocrine function: the kidneys secrete hormones to participate in blood pressure regulation, stimulate red blood cell production and contribute to calcium metabolism.

The kidneys have two important functions: urine production and endocrine function.

Urine production is the main function of the kidneys. Through the process of making urine, the kidneys perform very important functions to maintain homeostasis:

Regulate water and electrolyte balance.

Regulate acid-base balance.

Regulates osmotic pressure and extracellular fluid volume.

Elimination of metabolic products and foreign chemicals from the body.

Endocrine function: the kidneys secrete hormones to regulate blood pressure, stimulate red blood cell production, and contribute to the metabolism of Calcium and Phosphorus in the body.