Polio (Deadly Diseases and Epidemics) 2nd Edition
Communicable diseases kill and cause long-term disability. The microbial agents that cause them are dynamic, changeable, and resilient: They are responsible for more than 14 million deaths each year, mainly in developing countries.
Approximately 46 percent of all deaths in the developing world are due to communicable diseases, and almost 90 percent of these deaths are from AIDS, tuberculosis, malaria, and acute diarrheal and respiratory infections of children. In addition to causing great human suffering, these high-mortality communicable diseases have become major obstacles to economic development. They are a challenge to control either because of the lack of effective vaccines or because the drugs that are used to treat them are becoming less effective because of antimicrobial drug resistance.
Millions of people, especially those who are poor and living in developing countries, are also at risk from disabling communicable diseases such as polio, leprosy, lymphatic filariasis, and onchocerciasis. In addition to human suffering and permanent disability, these communicable diseases create an economic burden-both on the workforce that handicapped persons are unable to join, and on their families and society, upon which they must often depend for economic support.
Finally, the entire world is at risk of unexpected communicable diseases, those that are called emerging or re-emerging infections. Infection is often unpredictable because risk factors for transmission are not understood, or because it often results from organisms that cross the species barrier from animals to humans. The cause is often viral, such as Ebola and Marburg hemorrhagic fevers and severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS). In addition to causing human suffering and death, these infections place health workers at great risk and are costly to economies. Infections such as Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE) and the associated new human variant of Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease (vCJD) in Europe, and avian influenza A (H5N1) in Asia, are reminders of the seriousness of emerging and re-emerging infections. In addition, many of these infections have the potential to cause pandemics, which are a constant threat to our economies and public health security.
Science has given us vaccines and anti-infective drugs that have helped keep infectious diseases under control. Nothing demonstrates the effectiveness of vaccines better than the successful eradication of smallpox, the decrease in polio as the eradication program continues, and the decrease in measles when routine immunization programs are supplemented by mass vaccination campaigns.
Likewise, the effectiveness of anti-infective drugs is clearly demonstrated through prolonged life or better health in those infected with viral diseases such as AIDS, parasitic infections such as malaria, and bacterial infections such as tuberculosis and pneumococcal pneumonia.
But current research and development is not filling the pipeline for new anti-infective drugs as rapidly as resistance is developing, nor is vaccine development providing vaccines for some of the most common and lethal communicable diseases. At the same time, providing people with access to existing anti-infective drugs, vaccines, and goods such as condoms or beds nets necessary for the control of communicable diseases in many developing countries remains a great challenge.
Education, experimentation, and the discoveries that grow from them are the tools needed to combat high mortality infectious diseases, diseases that cause disability, or emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases. At the same time, partnerships between developing and industrialized countries can overcome many of the challenges of access to goods and technologies. This book may inspire its readers to set out on the path of drug and vaccine development, or on the path to discovering better public health technologies by applying our present understanding of the human genome and those of various infectious agents. Readers may likewise be inspired to help ensure wider access to those protective goods and technologies. Such inspiration, with pragmatic action, will keep us on the winning side of the struggle against communicable diseases.
David L. Heymann
Health Security and Environment
Representative of the Director-General for Polio Eradication
World Health Organization
100 Questions and Answers about restless legs syndrome (PDF)
Numerous scientific papers published in peer-reviewed journals and chapters in textbooks dealing with RLS in the last 20 years or so attest to the fact that RLS is a real neurological movement disorder severely impacting sleep and quality of life.
Restless legs syndrome-Willis Ekbom disease (PDF)
Despite few cases of partial or complete remission, idiopathic RLS is usually a chronic long-term condition with a longer duration for patients with an early onset of symptoms.
Restless legs syndrome: Diagnosis and treatment (PDF)
This book summarizes our current understanding of restless legs syndrome. The chapters cover all of the latest relevant restless legs syndrome science and pertinent related topics.
Post-Polio Syndrome: Guide for polio survivors and families
Polio, like smallpox, is one of those ancient diseases that is destined to have a modern ending. According to the World Health Organization, acute paralytic poliomyelitis, after a run of many millennia, will be eliminated from the world not only in our lifetime but most likely in the next few years. In this country, the history of polio is much shorter.
The healing power of the breath: Simple techniques to reduce stress and anxiety, enhance concentration.
This book will introduce you to knowledge and modern research on stress reduction through breathwork that is just as relevant to health in modern life as it was in ancient times.
End the Insomnia Struggle: A Step-by-Step Guide
Insomnia is a large-scale problem, with one in three people experiencing insomnia in their lifetime, and about one in ten US adults reporting insomnia that is severe and chronic (National Institutes of Health, 2005).
The Effortless Sleep Method: The Incredible New Cure for Insomnia and Chronic Sleep Problems
Insomnia may seem almost to have a life of its own, an autonomous persona, or a self-sabotaging part of you over which you have no control; a monster, a possessing demon which taunts you by day and tortures you by night.
Evaluation of concussion and post concussion syndrome (PDF)
A blow to the head that results in an “altered state of consciousness”; represented by confusion; may or may not have unconsciousness; almost always some level of amnesia (memory loss): Post-traumatic amnesia / Retrograde amnesia
Bowen therapy for adult long term post concussion syndrome (PDF)
Because the damage to the body and brain was unique to each participant, it quickly became apparent that the selection of therapeutic procedures had to be customized to each participant.
Disorders of the Hand: Hand Reconstruction and Nerve Compression (PDF)
The hand has been called an extension of the brain, and the sensory and motor performance of the hand is based on the adequate function of components in the peripheral as well as the central nervous system.
Nerve Compression Syndromes (PDF)
Definitions, Radiculopathy, Mononeuropathy, Brachial Plexopathy, Sensory Supply to the Arm
Peripheral Neuropathy: When the Numbness, Weakness, and Pain Won't Stop (PDF)
These nerves span the body, similar to wires in an electrical network, and connect the skin, joints, muscles, and internal organs to the brain and spinal cord, which make up the central nervous system.