Lecture on contraceptive methods for men

2021-01-30 12:00 AM

The role of the medical staff is to provide the client with all the advantages and disadvantages as well as how to use each method.

Contraceptive methods are measures aimed at preventing fertilization and implantation. It can be a mechanical or chemical barrier that inhibits the formation of gametes, or prevents the implantation of eggs.

The prevention of unplanned contraception and birth spacing have profound effects on health protection, reducing morbidity and mortality of mothers and children. However, the application of contraceptive methods must be a voluntary decision based on the client's choice of an appropriate method after fully receiving information about each method. The role of the medical staff is to provide the client with all the advantages and disadvantages as well as how to use each method.

The effectiveness of contraceptive methods is calculated according to the Pearl Index (P):

P = (Number of failures x 1000) / (Total number of cycles observed)

P: Number of pregnancy failures / 100 women using contraceptive / 1 year.

In addition to the high effectiveness of contraception, contraceptive methods must not affect the user and be widely accepted for use.

The method of using a condom

Condoms prevent semen from entering the vagina. The condom is made of very thin latex rubber with or without spermicidal coating. In addition to the contraceptive effect, condoms also work to prevent sexually transmitted diseases, especially HIV / AIDS which are in danger of spreading around the world.

Indications: Everyone who wants to avoid temporary contraception without using other methods or to prevent sexually transmitted diseases, except when allergic to latex. Failure rate: 14%.

Method of ejaculating out of the vagina

Ejaculating out of the vagina prevents sperm from entering the vagina to meet a fertilized egg, so it is also called intermittent intercourse. Nowadays, many couples use this method. The failure rate is quite high, about 24%.

Male sterilization

Vasectomy is one of the less common contraceptive methods available today worldwide. However, this is one of the methods that are effective, safe, simple and convenient.

Mechanism of action

Vasectomy and ligation prevent sperm from moving from the testicle, and the crest travels through the vas deferens and launches into the vagina during ejaculation to meet an egg.

After the vasectomy, the testicles are still functioning normally, sperm is still being produced, the hormones are still normal so it does not affect sex and sexual activity.

Point

Men voluntarily apply.

Skill

The scalp-free technique is becoming a popular method. With this technique, it is only necessary to prick a small 1mm spot into the scrotum with a forceps, expand to locate and separate and constrict the vas deferens.

Follow

The vasectomy method is 99 - 99.5% effective, the rate of failure due to unprotected intercourse immediately after the procedure. Therefore, it is advisable to avoid intercourse for 2-3 days and use condoms in 20 ejaculations after cutting and having a vasectomy. If there are conditions before having normal sex, you should go to the hospital to retest the sperm, if there is still sperm, you must continue using a condom or other method.