Superficial keratitis can also be found in acute or chronic diseases of the eyelids and conjunctiva such as tear secretion disorder (dry eye), cleft palate, poisoning.
Trachoma is a chronic inflammation of the conjunctiva and cornea. The causative agent is Chlamydia Trachomatis, but there are many other microbial agents involved in the disease.
Glaucoma is one of the leading causes of blindness in our country as well as in the world, if not diagnosed and treated promptly, it can lead to permanent blindness.
Objects viewed to correspond to a certain visual angle at the eye's node, the smallest visual angle that the eye can distinguish between two distinct points.
Bacterial conjunctivitis can sometimes be severe and affect vision if it is caused by highly toxic bacteria.
Treat according to the cause, if possible, it is recommended to do fresh microscopy, direct microscopy, bacterial culture and antibiotic.
An eye examination can reveal a small cornea, a shallow anterior chamber, fundoscopy must adjust the convergence glasses to clearly see the fundus image, the small papillary image can be seen
Eye treatments: In order to enhance the effectiveness of treatment, in addition to topical application, eye injection methods often have to be combined.
Strabismus measurement involves many steps and is very important because it has a decisive influence on the diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis.
Disinfectants are nonspecific antibacterial agents with a wide spectrum of action and less local toxicity. In the past, antiseptics were used very widely to treat inflammatory diseases of the eyelids and cornea.
Uveitis is a fairly common eye disease with a complex aetiology, often severe clinical damage, many complications, or relapses that can lead to blindness.
For many patients, an eye exam not only allows the detection of eye lesions caused by systemic disease but also helps to confirm diagnosis, prognosis or evaluate the results of systemic treatment.
A congenital cataract may be accompanied by strabismus, fibrillation of the eyeball and some manifestations of systemic diseases such as malformations of the skull, skeletal system, intellectual development disorder.
When there is circulatory stasis in the venous area, in the head, face, and neck area such as the patient lying on the slope, the carotid vein is squeezed, ocular thrombophlebitis.
The sclera is made up of many layers of thick, crisscrossed tape that are responsible for protecting the membranes and the internal environment.
Trauma to the eye can cause dilated pupils or dilated (less common) pupils, and the pupil reflex may become sluggish.
Phenothiazines, Chlorpromazine, and thioridazine can cause visual impairment, deposition in the front of the lens and cornea, altering the retinal pigment epithelium.
Swollen and bruised eyelids, difficulty opening eyes, when eyelid hematoma occurs, attention should be paid to the time of appearance, which appears immediately after the impact.
Eye burns are a special emergency in ophthalmology. In many cases, the damage is very severe, even though urgent treatment does not prevent blindness.
Currently, the understanding of the pathogenesis mechanism as well as the proper regulation of the incubator oxygen level has significantly reduced the incidence of blindness caused by the disease.
If the tumour is large and life-threatening, surgery to remove the eyeball with long nerve vision is needed. The prognosis is good if the tumour has not grown out through the optic nerve.
The shingles virus (H. zoster) mainly causes disease in the elderly and people with reduced immunity. The first manifestation is mild fever, lymphadenopathy, increasing pain and appearance of blisters on the forehead.
Systemic causes can cause pupil reflex disorders. The most common pupil signs are Claude-Bernard-Horner syndrome and Argyll-Robertson pupil.
Rheumatoid arthritis often causes damage to the tissues containing collagen, especially adrenalitis, scleritis.
High blood pressure retinopathy is the most common cardiovascular disease that causes eye damage. Damage to the retina results from hardening of the vascular wall and vasoconstriction.