Avoid Pregnancy for postpartum women

2021-03-25 12:00 AM

In any case, after 6 months of age, it is necessary to apply one of the new contraceptive methods to ensure safety.

Usually, after giving birth, women do not need to apply contraception, because it is not yet possible to conceive. However, how long it takes to stay away from these methods depends on a number of factors:

The safety level is only guaranteed when the woman has not returned from menstruation.

Fertility decreases sharply and lasts (up to 6 months) when the mother is exclusively breastfed. Conversely, if the mother breastfeeds her baby with bottle-feeding and does not breastfeed her baby, fertility increases and occurs earlier.

In any case, after 6 months of age, it is necessary to apply one of the new contraceptive methods to ensure safety.

Thus, within 6 months after giving birth, if the mother has not returned to menstruation and is exclusively breastfeeding her baby, there is no need to use any contraception. However, it is important to apply one of the following methods of contraception immediately if any of the following occur:

Babies suckle less, between day feedings will be more than 4 hours apart and at night more than 6 hours.

The mother saw her menstrual return appear.

It should be noted that drip bleeding in the 6-8 weeks after birth is not a menstrual period.

Babies begin to eat solids and reduce more than 20% of the time breastfeeding.

If the above conditions are not met and the mother decides it is necessary to use one of the methods of contraception, the following matters should be considered:

The oral contraceptive pill can start from 4 weeks after birth. When taking oral contraceptives while breastfeeding, avoid combination pills containing oestrogen, as this hormone can inhibit lactation. Instead, women who are breastfeeding should take oral contraceptives containing only progestogen.

An intrauterine device can be placed at 6 weeks after birth, with a combination of postpartum testing.

The diaphragm can begin to be used as early as 6 weeks after birth, with a combination of postpartum testing.

If sterilization is decided, surgery to open the abdominal cavity through the sub-navel incision can be performed about 2 weeks after birth.