Practice diagnosing and treating corneal thinning

2021-02-05 12:00 AM

Fluorescein dye drops into the eye to detect corneal abrasions because fluorescein colour will stick there and reflect when we use a blue ray of light on the eye.

Reason

Corneal thinning is one of the degenerative conditions of the cornea, causing the cornea to be partially worn away. The disease is quite common, the cause can be due to a minor eye injury, but can also be due to old age.

Diagnose

The eyes are red and painful, but not too painful.

Vision can sometimes be slightly reduced.

Eyes wet but no eyes are used.

Little or no signs of photophobia.

Usually appears after a previous minor injury.

Viewing the cornea under a microscope can help identify the disease.

Fluorescein dye drops into the eye to detect corneal abrasions because fluorescein colour will stick there and reflect when we use a blue ray of light on the eye.

Treatment

Treatment starts with Tetracaine eye drops, chloramphenicol eye ointment, and an eye patch. Then only give ointment with antibiotics three times a day.

Follow-up after 24 hours to determine treatment results.