Practice diagnosing and treating nose bleeds

2021-02-05 12:00 AM

If nosebleeds occur many times and are related to factors such as high blood pressure, blood clotting disorders ... it is necessary to treat these diseases.

Nasal bleeding may need immediate treatment while the bleeding is occurring, and may need further treatment to prevent future bleeding. Nasal bleeding can be caused by bumps, nose injuries, ruptured tiny blood vessels here, or it can also be caused by a cold or an infection that peels off the scaly layers on the nasal mucosa. Non-traumatic and recurring nosebleeds are commonly known as nosebleeds, which can be a sign of conditions such as high blood pressure, blood clotting disorders ... and need treatment. Nasal bleeding is also common in children as a fairly common phenomenon that can go away as they get older.

Reason

Nasal bleeding is most commonly caused by trauma or impact that ruptures large but fragile blood vessels in the nasal wall. Therefore, nosebleeds usually only occur in 1 of the 2 nostrils.

Diagnose

Direct examination by looking at the patient's nose to try to detect the bleeding site.

Pay attention to the amount of blood that the patient has lost due to nosebleeds to take measures to respond promptly.

Check for relevant factors such as blood pressure, blood clotting disorders ...

Find out if the patient was bleeding for the first time or has been bleeding many times, and if there has been bleeding, at what times ...

Ask about recent trauma to the head, face ...

Treatment

Most cases of nosebleeds can be managed well with the following immediate first aid measures: position the patient in a bent position and open his mouth so that blood and blood clots do not block the sugar breath, squeeze the nose in the position just below the bridge of the nose for 15 minutes, instruct the patient to only breathe through the mouth, then slowly release the nose to see if the bleeding has stopped. If bleeding persists, continue for about 5 minutes. If the bleeding does not stop after that, the patient should be referred immediately to the hospital.

If nosebleeds occur many times and are related to factors such as high blood pressure, blood clotting disorders ... it is necessary to treat these diseases.

Nasal bleeding due to trauma, impact on the nose ... usually responds well to methods of stopping bleeding as above. It is necessary for the patient to rest in place and avoid any contact with the nose that has recently bleed. However, if the flow is persistent, the patient may need to be admitted to hospital for surgical intervention or electrosurgery.

Repeated nose bleeds in children (nosebleeds) are often without treatment, just trying to take good care of each bleeding. This usually goes away on its own as children get older.