Practice diagnosis and treatment of allergic rhinitis

2021-02-05 12:00 AM

Allergic rhinitis is a common disease in some regions and usually occurs in certain seasons of the year. This is because the disease is associated with the appearance of allergens in the environment, such as pollen, dust...

Outline of Allergic Rhinitis - Diagnosisbook supporting video

Allergic rhinitis outline

Allergic rhinitis is a common disease in some regions and usually occurs in certain seasons of the year. This is because the disease is associated with the appearance of allergens in the environment, such as pollen, dust... It is very common in people who already have another allergic disease such as asthma, eczema ... The disease tends to occur in the same family, so it may be hereditary. The disease usually occurs in women more often than men, and usually occurs before the age of 30.

Practice diagnosis and treatment of allergic rhinitis (diagnosisbook)

Allergic rhinitis

Causes

As the name implies, the cause of this disease is an allergic phenomenon, which means that the body overreacts to certain agents, called allergens. While these agents are harmless to the average person, they have the potential to induce a strong reaction in the body of some people. The body's strong reaction in this case creates a large amount of histamine and inflammatory chemicals. It also creates secretions in the nasal mucosa as well as the sinuses, causing the patient to have symptoms such as sneezing, watery. nose, nasal congestion...

The common allergens are pollen, plants, dust, animal hair... Allergens are not the same in each person, so the patient's identification of the allergen is very important.

Diagnosis

When exposed to allergens, patients often experience itching in the nose, in the throat, and in the eyes. Symptoms are accompanied by sneezing, runny nose, tears, occasionally eye conjunctivitis, causing redness and pain. It is necessary to diagnose and exclude infectious conjunctivitis, a swab can be used for testing if there is any doubt.

Treatment

Symptomatic treatment with antihistamines of a good response can reduce nasal congestion, itching, and runny nose. But the side effect is drowsiness.

If the rhinitis is mild, it is possible to use a nasal decongestant or decongestant. Do not use it continuously for more than 3 days because it can make the disease worse.

In some cases, topical corticosteroids can be treated.

Sodium cromoglycate inhalers can be indicated for regular use during the pollen season. If pollen is an allergen, it will prevent an allergic reaction because this drug inhibits the body's response.

With some special types of pollen, the subcutaneous injection of a small amount of pollen and repeated injections can help the body getting used to the pollen and eliminate the allergic phenomenon.

In most cases, if the known allergen is identified correctly, it is best to stay away from it.

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