Practice diagnosis and treatment of ear secretions

2021-02-05 12:00 AM

Otitis is treated with oral antibiotics, continuously for about 7 to 10 days, accompanied by pain relievers such as paracetamol.

An ear discharge commonly called an ear discharge. Ear discharge can flow continuously or interrupted, can be odor or odorless, colour or colourless, can be liquid or thick ... depending on the cause of this condition. One of the most common causes is an external ear infection. However, there are a number of other causes.

Reason

External ear infections, caused by an infection of the outer ear.

Inflammation of the middle ear, caused by an infection of the middle ear.

Eardrum.

Earwax

There is a foreign object in the ear

Boils in the ear

Skull fracture (very rare, often occurring after a major head injury), cerebrospinal fluid or blood may drain from the ear.

Diagnose

Differential diagnosis of different causes by observing the ear to detect earwax, foreign objects in the ear ... If necessary, you can use a cotton swab to take samples for testing to determine the cases of infection. Hearing tests help to have an additional factor in determining the disease. If the patient has recently experienced a head injury or shows signs of severe otitis, an X-ray should be given immediately to confirm it promptly.

Treatment

Treatment depends on the cause of the ear discharge.

If the earwax is severe, there is no need for treatment other than cleaning the ear. If the patient is uncomfortable, sodium bicarbonate ear drops can be given 3 times a day, continuously for 4 or 5 days. If the ear is still not clean, you can use warm water to pump it into the ear and suck it out to clean.

If there is an object in the ear, carefully remove it from the ear.

Do not attempt to remove the foreign body if there is a risk of ear damage, the patient should be referred to a specialist for treatment.

External ear infections also need cleaning the ears by washing and drying regularly. Assign ear drops with antibiotics or anti-inflammatory or corticosteroids. If the inflammation is severe, oral antibiotics may be needed. In all cases, frequent cleaning and dry ears are required.

Otitis is treated with oral antibiotics, continuously for about 7 to 10 days, accompanied by pain relievers such as paracetamol. After treatment, patients should be monitored for 2 weeks to ensure good treatment results and without any complications, especially for children.

A perforated eardrum usually only requires good care of the patient, covers the ear with a clean, dry gauze and gives antibiotics and pain relievers to prevent infection in the middle ear. It usually heals on its own after about 4 to 6 weeks. If there is no recovery after this time, or if a cholesteatoma is included, surgical management and tympanic imaging may be needed.