Practice diagnosis and treatment of restless legs

2021-02-05 12:00 AM

To determine atherosclerosis, give test: blood pressure, blood cholesterol, blood sugar, electrocardiogram (ECG).

Intermittent claudication (intermittent claudication) is about of pain similar to cramping in one or both legs while walking, especially in the calves, causing the patient to limp or stop, often After a little rest, the pain lessens, and then again it hurts. So also called the way lame. Recurring pain in the leg is usually a sign of more widespread disease, atherosclerosis. Therefore, it is necessary to pay attention to carefully learn the symptoms to detect.

Reason

Due to atherosclerosis that blocks or narrows the arteries in the legs. Calves are most often affected, making it impossible for the patient to walk, but with a short rest, it is due to sufficient blood supply during the resting period.

A less common cause is stenosis of the spinal canal, squeezing the nerve roots leading to the leg.

Diagnose

Identify the risks related to atherosclerosis such as tobacco addiction, high blood pressure, diabetes ... especially when the patient has been diagnosed with atherosclerosis before.

Observe for signs of blood supply in the legs and rule out other causes of leg pain. Detail:

Check the patient's pulse.

Look for signs of cold, hairless skin on the legs, and dry, scaly skin.

Check for calluses on legs, signs of fungal infections or improperly cut toenails ...

Find out about previous leg injuries, if any.

To determine atherosclerosis, give test: blood pressure, blood cholesterol, blood sugar, electrocardiogram (ECG).

Treatment

If the patient is a smoker, it is recommended that the patient quit smoking.

If the patient is overweight or obese, instruct him on ways to achieve moderate, ideal body weight.

Instruct the patient on a regular exercise regimen to overcome the pain.

Follow up with the patient to make sure the problem is improving. If not, consider having an x-ray to evaluate the artery in the leg.

If the diagnosis is confirmed as atherosclerosis, there is an appropriate treatment for this disease.