Practice diagnosis and treatment of upper respiratory infections

2021-02-05 12:00 AM

Do not overuse antibiotics when not needed and explain to patients why

Respiratory tract infections are infections from the nose to the alveoli in general, caused by viruses or bacteria.

Upper respiratory tract infections are very common, and are more common in children, and include infections that affect the nose, throat, sinuses, and larynx.



Sore throat.


Inflammation of the tonsils.




Diagnosis is mainly based on symptoms to distinguish the cause, especially the following symptoms:

Sore throat.


Ear hurt.


Stuffy nose.


Fatigue, drowsiness.

Difficulty swallowing (when eating or drinking). Pay special attention to the following signs:

An abscess around the tonsils.

Inflammation of the tonsils.

Inflammation of the middle ear.

Infection in the chest.


Most upper respiratory tract infections are usually not serious. In the absence of complicated complications, it can be managed as follows:

Explain to the patient that the condition itself has limitations and does not develop seriously.

Do not overuse antibiotics when not needed and explain to patients why. It is also advisable to explain to the patient the advantages of the body's natural immune response.

Instruct the patient on how to take the correct dose of symptom-reducing medicines such as paracetamol or aspirin so that they can self-treat.

Advise patient to get plenty of rest and drink plenty of fluids.

Monitor symptoms to make sure there are no dangerous complications. The disease usually goes into remission after 1 to 2 weeks, and the patient's days off work usually don't exceed 1 week. If there are more severe symptoms, it is necessary to reassess symptoms.