Practice early detection of breast cancer

2021-03-25 12:00 AM

There is an unusual difference in the size and shape of the breasts, note that the right-handed breast, such as the right hand, is usually slightly larger, which is not unusual.

Breast and cervical cancer are the two most common cancers in our country. Breast cancer is highly treatable if detected early. If detected by the time the cancer is too large, treatment will be very difficult, costly and less effective. Breast cancer is most common in women aged 35-45, rarely in other ages, especially under 30.

Breast cancer usually appears as a stiff, seemingly fixed and painless lump in the breast. This stage does not cause any discomfort for the patient, so less attention is paid and the tumor grows silently.

Early detection of breast cancer is not difficult, as long as a woman has some basic understanding and makes a routine of doing breast self-exams - preferably once a month - to detect abnormalities. The definitive diagnosis of course requires follow-up professional tests, but the most important thing is still the timely detection of the patient himself.

Do a breast self-examination at the time of the absence of menstruation, as the mammary glands are often tense during menstruation.

First of all, stand in front of a mirror and observe closely your breasts.

Stand up straight at first, then lean forward slightly. Try to detect:

Abnormal difference in size and shape of the breasts. Note that the right-handed (eg right-handed) breast is usually slightly larger, which is not unusual.

Observe the skin surface on the breasts, looking for unusual, low or bumpy spots.

Look at your nipples for sores or oozing, which can usually be yellow or red like blood. You can use your finger to gently press around the areola and nipple to detect.

After that, continue to manually examine the breast. In the supine position, use a pillow under the right shoulder, the right hand is raised to the head, use the left fingers in turn to gently press on each area of ​​the right breast to detect places that create a sense of buoyancy. Reverse position to the left, use your right hand to examine the left breast. Pay attention only to use the fingers to gently press down, not to squeeze, because when squeezing, it can be mistaken when feeling the breast tissue is a bit stiff.

Finally, still lying on your back, use your right hand to examine your left armpit and use your left hand to examine your right armpit to find out if there are unusual spots in your armpit.

The breast self-examination as above is very simple and easy to do, but is the most effective way to detect breast cancer cases early. Of course, not all abnormal lumps found in the breast are cancer. In many cases, it can be benign tumors (fibroids-gland tumors) or other cases such as breast cysts, fibrous tissue ... However, early detection of a case of breast cancer means a lot. so important that we can accept the mistake more than just miss cancer and let it grow silently. The definitive diagnosis is usually done by a specialist, through some diagnostic test results such as ultrasound, X-ray of the breast (mammography) ...