Practice for solids and weaning

2021-03-25 12:00 AM

During the first few weeks, just help your child get used to the form of food and spoon-feeding. The amount of food is very small, considered unnecessary to provide nutrition.

Give your child solid food

It is possible to start solids after 6 months of age, while continuing to breastfeed. Weaning should be understood as the process of helping the baby transition from breastfeeding to food. Before the age of 6 months, milk is the source of all necessary nutrients for children. From after 6 months of age, the baby's digestive system has developed enough to digest more complex foods and there will be signs that the baby may be ready for solids, such as they are still hungry after they have finished feeding, or ask for more feedings.

The transition from breastfeeding to completely solid foods need to be gradual. Some children accept solids right away, while others take longer to get used to. There are no certain rules to follow in doing this, such as when to start, how long to last, or what foods to eat. Most important of all is a positive and flexible attitude.

During the first few weeks, just help your child get used to the form of food and spoon feeding. The amount of food is very small, considered unnecessary to provide nutrition.

Should choose a comfortable starting time. Noon can be the best time to give your baby their first meal, as they can be more receptive than in the morning - when they are too hungry, or in the afternoon - when they may be tired. Give your baby half the usual amount of milk, then still hold the baby on his lap and offer a few teaspoons of food. Then let the baby continue to suckle.

Rice flour, cereal flour or ground vegetables, and ground fruit - but avoid citrus fruits - are the best starter foods, because they are less likely to cause a reaction. If your child refuses to accept a food, or has diarrhoea, vomiting, or a rash, avoid the food for several weeks. Protein foods should be mashed with vegetables at a time when a child can eat a significant amount of food. Try to use homemade foods, choose fresh foods. Avoid adding salt to baby foods. Sugar-sweetened foods such as pastries should be limited to avoid obesity and tooth decay in the future. Change the dishes so that they are diverse, many flavours, so that children can taste a variety of foods.

When children are 9-12 months old, children should eat 3 meals regularly at certain times, preferably with family meals. From this stage, it is recommended that the baby "breastfeed" instead of "solids", which means that the baby should only breastfeed after feeding the baby. Note for children to drink more water, diluted juice is best. Avoid foods with too much fiber (fiber) because they are usually high in volume but provide little nutrition and energy, not suitable for children. Regular supplementation of vitamins such as A, D and C. If a child already knows how to use fluoride toothpaste, supplementing with flour may not be necessary.

Weaning

Weaning means stopping breastfeeding, or in other words, switching completely from a weaning diet with breastmilk to a full-solid diet.

Often, weaning is not necessary if the previous weaning regimen is well-practised. Children will stop feeding at an appropriate time, when the meals of the day provide children with adequate nutrition and appetite. And in a natural correlation, when the baby is less and less breastmilk will also be less, so stopping will not be a problem.

However, if for any reason, the mother needs to stop breastfeeding earlier, it is advisable to follow the principle of gradual reduction, avoiding sudden changes that can affect the psychology as well as the child's health.

Even after breastfeeding has stopped, it is advisable to keep the baby or to drink a certain amount of formula during the day, usually after meals or at a session.

night before going to bed, to ensure adequate supplementation of essential nutrients for the child's development.