Things to know before getting pregnant

2021-03-25 12:00 AM

Add calcium-rich foods, especially for women at high risk of deficiency, such as women who have had many children or live-in families with a poor, nutritious routine diet.

Pregnancy is a completely natural phenomenon of women after getting married. However, in some cases, pregnancy can lead to adverse health consequences for the mother or fetus, and that is completely foreseeable if the woman is consulted by a specialist before deciding to become pregnant. In the absence of conditions for direct counselling, the following knowledge may be necessary for a woman before becoming pregnant.

Tobacco smoke: Before deciding to become pregnant, women who are addicted to tobacco need to fully realize the harmful effects of tobacco on their own and the health of their fetus. It's best to try to quit for a while before you start getting pregnant.

Drinking alcohol: Alcohol, beer or other alcoholic beverages in general are not good for both the mother and the fetus, especially the high blood alcohol concentration during pregnancy can lead to "pregnancy syndrome. alcohol”, as a result, the baby is born with many defects and develops abnormally.

Nutrition: Women need a balanced and complete diet to ensure good health before starting a pregnancy. In particular, diet rich in folic acid (found in many green vegetables, fruits, grains ...) or supplemented with folic acid (400μg / day) before pregnancy and lasts during the first 3 months of pregnancy Periods will greatly reduce the risk of neural tube defects.

Before you get pregnant, avoid foods that are susceptible to infection such as unpasteurized, cold, undercooked meats ... All vegetables and fruits must be washed before eating.

Add calcium-rich foods, especially for women at high risk of deficiency, such as women who have had many children or live in families with a poor, nutritious routine diet.

Do not take high doses of vitamin A. It is best to use only as directed by your doctor.

Check for Mediterranean anemia, sickle cell anemia and spherical red blood cell anemia. If suffering from these diseases, the woman needs to be fully aware of the genetic risk to the baby before deciding to become pregnant.

Check for antibodies to rubella (rubeon) before getting pregnant for the first time. This disease is especially dangerous for pregnant women, so if there are no antibodies against the disease, it is essential to be vaccinated before pregnancy. Get pregnant for at least one month after having been vaccinated against rubella.

Checking blood pressure: Women with high blood pressure can still become pregnant, provided that appropriate monitoring and treatment is required to ensure blood pressure is controlled. Methyldopa and some beta-blockers such as propranolol are considered safe and effective during pregnancy.

Diabetes checkup: Diabetes can have a very bad effect on the fetus. The risk of prenatal death can be as high as 10%, even with good blood sugar control. The risk of birth defects may occur, but this is reduced if blood sugar can be controlled well before and during pregnancy. The level of Hb glycosylation must be checked before stopping the contraceptive. Women need to be fully aware of the above risks before deciding to become pregnant.

Epilepsy: Women with epilepsy who give birth are at risk of birth defects 2 times higher than normal. All anticonvulsants (for treatment of epilepsy) increase the rate of teratogenicity to varying degrees. Women need to be fully aware of the above risks before deciding to become pregnant.

Contraceptive methods: Women using birth control methods such as combined oral contraceptives or an intrauterine device need to stop them and avoid natural contraception for a while before becoming pregnant. .

Women who have had a miscarriage should be screened for cervical or chromosomal abnormalities.