Schizoid personality disorder

2021-10-24 09:30 PM

A schizoid personality disorder is an uncommon condition. In which people avoid social activities and consistently shy away from interaction with others.

Schizoid personality disorder symptoms

Image. Schizoid personality disorder symptoms



A schizoid personality disorder is a condition in which the affected person avoids social activities and consistently avoids interaction with others. If you have a schizoid personality disorder, you may be a loner. And may feel as though you have no idea how to form personal relationships.

To others, may appear blurred or humorless. Because there's no tendency to show emotion. It's possible to appear as if you don't care about what's going on around you. However, although it may seem aloof, it can feel extremely sensitive and lonely.

The cause of schizoid personality disorder is well known. Treatment and medication can help.

The symptoms

People with schizoid personality disorder are lonely. If this is the case, it is possible:

  • Likes to be alone and often chooses solitary activities.
  • Independent and friendly.
  • Feeling confused about how to deal with normal signs and society, in general, has little to say.
  • Lack of any desired sexual relationship.
  • Feeling unable to experience joy.
  • Carefree or cold feelings.
  • For no reason and tend to do worse at school or work.
  • Always play the role of a follower rather than a leader.
  • Some of these trends may have first become noticeable in childhood.

If you have a schizoid personality disorder, you may not know how to connect. Or you may feel overly anxious around other people.

The spectrum of schizophrenia

Schizoid personality disorders are considered part of the ‘schizophrenia spectrum’ of disorders, which includes personality disorder and schizophrenia. These conditions all have similar symptoms. Such as a limited ability to make social connections along with a lack of emotional expression. The main difference is that - unlike personality disorder and schizotypal schizophrenia. People with schizophrenia are in touch with reality. If you have a schizoid personality disorder, you may not experience delusions or hallucinations.

In addition, a schizoid personality disorder is not marked by strange speech. Although the tune may be animated, what is said makes sense. In contrast, the conversation patterns of people with schizotypal personality disorder are often strange and difficult to follow.

Go see a doctor

Treatment for a personality disorder can be effective if it is started as soon as possible.

If someone close to you has called for help for common symptoms of schizoid personality disorder. Let make an appointment, starting with a primary care physician or mental health specialist.

If you suspect a loved one may have a schizoid personality disorder, gently seek medical attention.


The exact causes of schizoid personality disorder are known, although a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Especially in young children - is thought to contribute to the development of all personality disorders.

If you have a schizoid personality disorder, you may have a parent who has been cold or unresponsive to emotional needs. Or may have been hypersensitive in early adolescence and had treatment needs with little annoyance or contempt.

A family history - having a parent with any of the disorders on the schizophrenia spectrum. That also increases the risk of developing the disorder.

Risk factor

Personality development is influenced by genetic predisposition as well as environmental factors, especially during childhood. Factors that increase your risk of developing schizoid personality disorder include:

  • Have a parent or other relative who has a schizoid personality disorder, personality disorder, or schizophrenia.
  • Experiencing an environment his childhood had contempt.
  • Child abuse or maltreatment.
  • Parental separation.


People with schizoid personality disorder have an increased risk of:

  • Development of schizotypal personality disorder, schizophrenia, or other delusional disorder.
  • Addiction to drugs, especially with psychedelic drugs.
  • Alcoholism.
  • Depression.
  • Anxiety disorders.
  • Panic disorder.
  • Social obsession.
  • Personality disorders.

Tests and diagnostics

An isolated diagnosis of a personality disorder is usually based on an in-depth interview with your doctor about your symptoms. As well as your medical and personal history. Your doctor may perform an exam to rule out other conditions that may be causing or contributing to your symptoms. It is also possible to see a mental health professional for further evaluation.

To be diagnosed with schizoid personality disorder, one must meet the criteria outlined in the Diagnostic. And Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM), published by the American Psychiatric Association. Criteria to isolate personality for a diagnosis of a disorder include four or more of the following characteristics:

  • Neither wants nor enjoys close relationships, including being part of a family.
  • Almost always choose solitary activities.
  • There is little, if any, interest in experiencing sex with another person.
  • There is little pleasure if any, activity, and few strong emotional experiences.
  • Without any other relatives or confidants.
  • Doesn't seem to care about praise or criticism.
  • Seems to be cold, detached, or not manifest.

For a personality disorder to be diagnosed, doctors may first need to rule out a condition with similar symptoms. Such as autism or Asperger's syndrome.

Treatments and drugs

If you have a schizoid personality disorder, you may prefer to go your separate ways and avoid contact with others, including doctors. It's possible to get so used to a life without emotional closeness. That you're not sure you want to change - or can. And if you go into treatment, you can find it very difficult to open about your inner life.

However, empiric therapy with schizoid personality disorder can understand the need for personal space and private thoughts. With a skilled and patient-therapist, significant progress can be made.

Medicine. There is no specific treatment for isolated personality disorders. However, doctors may prescribe medication to help treat some symptoms, as well as related conditions such as anxiety and depression. For example, the psychological inability to experience pleasure can be treated with bupropion (Wellbutrin). Risperidone (Risperdal) or olanzapine (Zyprexa) can help with flattened emotions and social problems.

Psychotherapy. Cognitive-behavioral therapy helps change the beliefs and behaviors that are the problem. If a schizoid personality disorder is present, therapy can help increase sensitivity to interpersonal cues and develop social skills. For example, it is possible to learn the appropriate way to react in a common social situation. Such as being introduced to a new person. Treatment will also help you feel less anxious in social situations.

Treatment group. Treatment may be more effective if it is possible to interact with others who are also practicing new communication skills. Treatment groups can also provide a structure of support and increased social motivation.

Related articles:

Schizoid personality disorder: Symptoms, Differential diagnosis, and Medication

Schizotypal personality disorder