Surgical pathology

Surgical pathology: closed chest trauma, urethral trauma, closed skull trauma, kidney injury, congenital malformations in the umbilical region

Paediatrics: Cardiovascular system difficulty - Assessment

In early shock, findings can be subtle. Hypotension is a late sign, so look for a decreased stroke volume (decreased pulse amplitude) and increased systemic vascular resistance (perfusion changes to skin and muscle).


Pathology of bone tumour

Directional diagnosis based on clinical symptoms, X-rays, histopathology confirms diagnosis and classification.

Pathology fracture of the lower leg

Body fractures of lower legs are quite common, accounting for about 20% of all fractures, and occur in men more than women.


Foreign pathology fractured femoral neck

If treatment is good, it can avoid systemic complications, bone healing after 3, 4 months, no sequelae, if treatment is not good, it will leave many complications.

Pathology of brain tumour

Some mild to severe focal neurological signs, such as paralysis of a particular cranial nerve, weakness in limbs, memory loss or decreased vision may also suggest brain tumour.


Surgery of burns

The whole process from burn to cure may arise systemic disorders and changes at the burn, manifested by the emergence of pathological syndromes

Foreign pathology fractured femur

The fracture position is in the 5cm region below the baby transfer tab. This is the fracture site with many complicated deviations due to the strong contraction of the muscle mass in different directions at the top of the femur.

External pathology of fracture on the brachial convex

Fracture on a bridge is the tenth most common fracture in children in general, often the complication rate higher than other fractures, often have scoliosis sequelae.

Foreign pathology fractured two bones of the forearm

Pull along the forearm shaft with continuous and increasing pull, until the stack deviation stops, then straighten the deviations to the side, bend the remaining angle

External pathology fractures the arm bone

The fracture between the grip of the large pectoral muscle and the delta muscle attachment: The upper head closes (pulled by the large pectoral muscle), the lower head moves up and out (pulled by the delta muscle).

External tuberculosis pathology

From the damage of spongy tissue, there are small tuberculosis particles in the covering cartilage, then the bone tissue becomes soft and spread very far without clear limits, the shell is thin.

External atherosclerosis pathology

Lesions are localized in the endothelium; the endothelium is moderately thickened. The characteristic cells contain adipocytes (foam cells). The middle layer and outer coat are normal.

Pathology of spasmodic pericarditis

Spasmodic pericarditis with effusion (1/3 of cases): Young patient, recent symptoms appears history of pericarditis due to acute infection.

Pathology of lung cancer

According to cancer experts at the 1982 Geneva session, 80-90% of lung cancers are related to cigarette smoke.


Pathology of mediastinal peripheral tumours

The mediastinum is the location of many clusters of lymph nodes, lymph node stations, so it often denotes lymphopathy. There are many remaining lung relics that are the origin of lung tumours, teratomas.

Pathology of hip disruption

Chi is dislocated completely, with palpable pelvic type detected the raised nodule higher than the NĂ©laton - Roser line, thus showing signs of the short limb.


Foreign pathology of open fracture

In addition to soft bleeding, open fractures can also include artery damage, possibly due to puncture or rupture of the fracture


Peripheral aneurysm pathology

Central nervous system anaemia caused by embolism of blood clots, reduced blood flow to the brain and pressure. Complications of rupture of carotid aneurysms are uncommon today.

Pathology of the elbow joint disorder

Only encounter dislocation of the elbow before there is a fracture of the elbow, the ligaments have broken the biceps, the muscle clinging to the top of the bridge is touched or torn

Pathology of chest wound

It is necessary to promptly treat emergency treatment even during the examination to detect an open chest wound, which requires sealing the hole in the patient's chest wall.

Pathology of shoulder joint dislocation

The side view is not clear chest delta groove. The arm bone is raised in the front, making the diameter for the front and back of the shoulder thicken.

Pathology of bladder cancer

Bladder tumours often come back. The recurrence rate is about 52-73% between 3-15 years, so the follow-up regime of patients with bladder tumours is a lifelong monitoring regime.


Pathology of closed chest injury

In the case of a large amount of pleural haemorrhage, it may pose a problem of blood transfusion to restore the amount of drained blood. Be sure to ensure sterile and proper dialysis unit.

Pathology of open cranial brain injury

The skull is broken, may have many pieces of skull embedded in the clinically recognized brain or X-ray. Often the skull is more extensive than soft tissue.

Pathology of osteomyelitis

Osteomyelitis may be natural, but trauma plays a role of blockage localization of an infected organ