Enlarged liver in heart disease: Causes and mechanism

2021-03-16 12:00 AM

In congestive heart failure, low cardiac output or impaired right ventricular filling leads to backward pressure on the lower aorta and hepatic veins. Due to increased venous pressure, the liver becomes congested and enlarged.

Description

The liver is more than 13cm in length (midway line).

Causes

Iron pigmentation.

Hepatitis.

Congestive heart failure (CHF).

Cancer.

Enlarged liver in heart disease

Mechanism

In congestive heart failure, low cardiac output or impaired right ventricular filling leads to backward pressure on the lower aorta and hepatic veins. Due to increased venous pressure, the liver becomes congested and enlarged.

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