Hypertension in endocrine diseases: signs, symptoms and causes

2021-07-22 10:25 PM

Endocrine thrombosis occurs in 70% of patients with Cushing's syndrome, with low specificity of congestion, so many possible causes can occur in patients.

Describe

Too much blood in one part of the body, due to vasodilation, or red skin color.

Causes

Frequent

Chronic alcoholism.

Cushing's disease.

Pulmonary parenchymal pathology.

Menopause.

Less common

Polycythemia.

Renal epithelial cell tumors.

Obstruction of the superior vena cava.

Two-leaf stenosis.

Carcinoid syndrome.

Mechanism

Stasis is caused by the increased volume of blood reaching the body surface, by any factor that dilates blood vessels in the surface of blood vessels near the skin surface.

Cushing's disease

In Cushing's disease, an excess of cortisol causes dehydration and hypoplasia of the epidermis and underlying connective tissue. This results in thin skin and congestion of the skin.

Carcinoid syndrome

Serotonin secretion in the carcinoid syndrome causes dilation of blood vessels in the skin and the appearance of congestion.

Mitral stenosis

Dendritic stenosis leads to increased pressure in the heart. This increases the pressure in the veins, arterioles, stasis in the small capillaries and causes blood stasis.

Pulmonary parenchymal pathology

Pulmonary parenchymal pathology can cause increased pulmonary artery pressure, thus increasing back pressure on the right heart and venous system. In turn, may increase peripheral venous pressure, causing blood stasis in superficial vessels.

Meaning

Occurring in 70% of patients with Cushing's syndrome, congestion has low specificity, so that multiple possible causes are needed in the patient.