Pemberton signs: signs of symptoms and causes

2021-01-25 12:00 AM

When the arm is raised, the chest hole is raised upwards, firmly attached to the goitre. Pemberton signs are not common in patients with a goitre under the sternum.

Describe

Redness, swelling in the neck, cervical venous stasis, wheezing and increased carotid vein pressure when the patient lifts and holds arms above head.

Pemberton signs

Causes

The goitre below / posterior sternum - common.

Tumour.

 

 Pemberton signs diagnosisbook

Figure. Pemberton sign

Mechanism

When the arm is raised, the chest hole is raised upwards, firmly attached to the goitre. The goitre is referred to as the "node" of the chest hole and in this situation, it presses on the nearby common carotid veins. Blood accumulates, causing neck swelling and flushing. Wheezing occurs with pressure on the upper airway from any mass, goitre, or tumour.

Meaning

Pemberton signs are not common in patients with a goitre under the sternum.