Tongue enlargement: signs of symptoms and causes

2021-01-25 12:00 AM

There are several evidence-based observations about the value of tongue hypertrophy. However, if it does appear, it is almost pathological and it is necessary to understand the cause.

Describe

The tongue is disproportionately large with the jaw and oral cavity size. It is also described as a tongue residue protruding below the tooth or the throat ring adjacent to the tooth.

True tongue hypertrophy is defined as tongue hypertrophy with histological signs of hyperplasia or hyperplasia. False hypertrophy is believed to be tongue enlargement associated with lower jaw bone loss but also histological abnormalities.

Causes

There are many medical conditions that can cause obvious tongue hypertrophy. Include (but are not limited to the list below):

Frequent

Hypothyroidism - in children.

Beckwith – Wiedemann syndrome - in children.

Down syndrome.

Lymphoma - in children.

Vascular tumours - in children.

Pathology of self-hyperplasia - in children.

Metabolic disorders - in children.

Amyloidosis (both primary and secondary disorders) - the most common cause in adults.

Enlarged head disease.

Injury.

Less common

Triploid.

Nerve fibres.

Syphilis.

Tuberculosis.

Tongue enlargement in infants

Figure. Tongue enlargement in infants

Mechanism

Most of the individual mechanisms of each are unknown. To put it simply, the causes can be seen as abnormal protein/tissue deposition in the tongue, growth/enlargement of normal tongue tissue, inflammation and swelling of the tongue.

Mechanism of the causes of tongue hypertrophy:

Overgrowth of tissue

 

Beckwith – Wiedemann syndrome.

Enlarged head disease.

Hypothyroidism.

Abnormal deposition / infiltration

Lymphatic system malformations.

Hypothyroidism.

Cancer.

Pathology of the reserve.

Amyloidosis.

Syphilis.

Tuberculosis.

Inflammation

Hereditary angioedema.

Anaphylactic reaction.

Direct injury.

Problems related to / pseudo-hypertrophy

Down syndrome.

Beckwith – Wiedemann syndrome

An abnormality on chromosome 11 leads to an overgrowth of normal structures and tissues, including tongue tissue.

Hypothyroidism

Considered the result of muscle cell hypertrophy and oedema, which leads to fluid accumulation.

Amyloidosis

Primary or secondary amyloidosis, an excess of the presence of an abnormal protein (amyloid). This protein can be deposited in the tongue tissue, leading to tongue hypertrophy.

Enlarged head disease

Hypertrophy is a disorder caused by excessive secretion of growth hormone, which then activates more growth factor insulin. These growth factors are thought to stimulate more tissue nourishment, including the tongue, leading to tongue enlargement and enlargement.

Lymphoma

Lymphoma is malformation and hyperplasia of the lymphatic system. When hyperplasia occurs near or inside the tongue tissue, tongue hypertrophy is the latter result.

Meaning

There are several evidence-based observations about the value of tongue hypertrophy. However, if it does appear, it is almost pathological and it is necessary to understand the cause.

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